Gardening for Beginners

We have learned that plants have four basic needs, namely: sunlight, water, soil (nutrients) and air. Incorporating this knowledge in gardening assures us of healthy plants which are the main focus of our garden.  We must carefully consider the needs of each plant that we are planning to include in our garden. Each should thrive bountifully to create the beauty and effect that we are expecting.

About 6 to 8 hours of sunlight is good for most plants. Note however, that there are plants that require more or less sunlight.

Watering your plants is also essential. Plants wilt and die without water but too much of water may also harm your plants.  It is advised that watering in the morning or evening is best as the wind is calm and there is minimal water loss through evaporation.

The nutrients that the plants get from the soil are necessary for the plants’ survival.  You can do a soil test to check the soil pH of the different planting areas. Availability of soil nutrients is affected by the soil pH. Different types of plants require either an alkaline or acidic condition, thus you may enrich the soil as necessary.

Air, not just carbon dioxide is a necessity for plant life. Its importance not only lies in its role during photosynthesis but it helps prevent plant diseases. One of which is a fungal disease that occurs when the weather is humid and wet leaves don’t or can’t dry quick enough. In addition, crowding plants together in the garden bed may cause black spot or mildew. Plant roots also needs oxygen that they get in between soil particles, thus soil must not be compacted.

There are several types of gardens which serves different purposes and benefits.   To be successful in gardening, it would be helpful if you read on some books and browse on the web for different ideas. Always ask questions and don’t be afraid to ask for help.